Thursday, July 18, 2024

KAUST builds perovskite-perovskite-silicon tandem photo voltaic cell with 31.5% effectivity – pv journal International

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The Saudi analysis institute stated its new four-terminal tandem system achieved the very best effectivity ever reported for perovskite-based 4-T and triple-junction tandem photo voltaic cells so far. The key a part of the cell is the cavity within the transport layer on the highest of the perovskite cell, which is engineered utilizing self-assembled monolayers.

Researchers on the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia have developed a semitransparent four-terminal (4T) perovskite-perovskite-silicon tandem photo voltaic cell with an lively space of ​​1 cm2.

“After the dual-junction perovskite/silicon photo voltaic cells come the triple-junction perovskite/perovskite/silicon tandems,” the lead creator of the analysis, Stefaan De Wolf stated. pv journal. “However, adapting the processing is usually a important problem when depositing a number of layers, the place particularly the coupling recombination between the perovskite high and perovskite mid cell will be difficult. In addition, with this technique , the highest cell is positioned in glass, which opens up the design house in the direction of excessive effectivity and secure high cells.

The scientists stated that the important thing a part of the brand new tandem system is the outlet transport layer (HTL) of the highest cell, which is engineered with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) based mostly on a compound generally known as poly(9,9 -bis(9,9-bis).3′-(N,N-dimethyl)-N-ethylammoinium-propyl-2,7-fluorene)-alt-2,7-(9,9 dioctylfluorene))dibromide (PFN -Br), mixed with precipitated nickel oxide (NiOx).

The high perovskite photo voltaic cell is constructed with a substrate product of glass and indium tin oxide (ITO), the HTL based mostly on carbazole (2PACz), PFN-Br, and NiOx, an absorber based mostly on the perovskite materials generally known as Cs0. 1FA0. 9PbI1Br1.96Cl0.04, an electron transport layer based mostly on buckminsterfullerene (C60) and tin(IV) oxide (SnO2) layer, an ITO electrode, a metallic contact of silver (Ag), and an anti-reflective coating based mostly on magnesium fluoride (MgF2).

This system achieves an influence conversion effectivity of 14.3%, an open-circuit voltage of 1.402 V, a short-circuit present density of 12.5 mA/cm2and a fill issue of 81.5%

The mid perovskite system and the underside silicon cell are built-in right into a monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem cell that achieves an effectivity of 17.2%, an open-circuit voltage of 1.783 V, a short-circuit present density of 11.6 mA/cm2and a fill issue of 83.0%.

The tandem system was capable of obtain an effectivity of 31.5%, which the scientists stated is the very best effectivity ever reported for perovskite-based 4-T and triple-junction tandem photo voltaic cells so far. In addition, they discovered that each one gadgets had been capable of preserve 80% of their preliminary effectivity after 1,500 minutes of most energy level monitoring, which they described as a “important” consequence for two.0 eV-bandgap organic-inorganic perovskite materials they selected for the highest cell.

“HTL reveals a large distribution of all PV parameters, with one third of all gadgets fully prevented,” the researchers stated. “This fully prevented efficiency comes from the incompletely lined perovskite movies within the system, which is attributed to the hydrophobic floor of the 2PACz anchored ITO substrates.”

A brand new cell is outlined within the paper as “Four-Terminal Perovskite/Perovskite/Silicon Triple-Junction Tandem Solar Cells with over 30% Power Conversion Efficiency,” revealed in ACS Energy Lett. “The outcomes spotlight the potential of triple-junction tandem photo voltaic cells and emphasize the significance of the right interconnection layers between perovskite and perovskite in monolithic 3-J photo voltaic cells to unlock their full potential,” the teachers concluded.

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In January, KAUST introduced that it had developed a perovskite-perovskite-silicon triple-junction photo voltaic cell with an influence conversion effectivity of 26.4%. In May 2023, it achieved an effectivity of 33.7% for a perovskite-silicon tandem photo voltaic cell.

A couple of months in the past, the Saudi college introduced a effectivity of 28.1% for a perovskite-silicon tandem photo voltaic cell based mostly on textured silicon wafers. In August 2022, it claimed 26.2% effectivity for monolithic perovskite-silicon tandem photovoltaic gadgets.

In December 2021, KAUST researchers achieved an influence conversion effectivity of 28.2% for a tandem photo voltaic cell with an space of ​​1 cm2, based mostly on a nip perovskite layered on high of a silicon heterojunction.

The similar analysis group just lately reported an inverted perovskite-silicon tandem photo voltaic cell with a 1 nm interlayer based mostly on magnesium fluoride (MgFx) positioned between the perovskite layer and the outlet transport layer (HTL) to scale back voltage loss.

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