Tuesday, July 23, 2024

Fraunhofer develops tandem module for direct hydrogen manufacturing – pv journal Worldwide


Three Fraunhofer institutes in Germany have developed a tandem module for the direct manufacturing of hydrogen, as a modular, versatile various to massive electrolyzers. PV is a further energy provide.

From pv journal Germany

Three Fraunhofer establishments in Germany have developed “an thrilling various” to hydrogen manufacturing utilizing electrolyzers within the Neo-PEC joint analysis mission. “PEC” stands for “photoelectrochemical cell,” which is a cell able to direct photo voltaic water splitting.

The resolution from the analysis mission, introduced final June, consists of a module with an space of ​​about half a sq. meter that may be linked to type bigger items and allow “very versatile hydrogen manufacturing utilizing photo voltaic vitality.”

The “tandem PEC module” consists of two panes of float glass coated with semiconducting supplies. One aspect absorbs short-wave gentle, whereas long-wave gentle penetrates the highest layer of glass and is absorbed by the again aspect. The module emits hydrogen on the reverse (cathode) aspect and oxygen on the highest (anode) aspect, with the 2 parts separated.

During the three-year mission, the researchers developed high-purity semiconductor supplies utilizing “significantly light coating processes,” rising the hydrogen yield.

Ultra-thin layers measuring nanometers are constructed on glass by the gasoline section, says Arno Görne, group chief for useful supplies on the Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems IKTS.

“The buildings produced have a major affect on the exercise of the reactor, along with the precise materials properties, which we additionally optimized,” he mentioned. The system is supplied with further voltage by the “photovoltaic parts” of the module, which act “like a turbo that accelerates exercise and will increase effectivity.”

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The result’s a reactor that produces hydrogen individually from oxygen, which could be collected immediately. Under European radiation situations, 30 kg of hydrogen could be produced with 100 sq. meters of module space. This permits a hydrogen car to journey 15,000 to twenty,000 km. By comparability, photo voltaic modules in Central Europe generate 16,000 kWh {of electrical} vitality, sufficient to electrolyze 300 kg of hydrogen.

According to Görne, the size of the person items are “restricted by the truth that our module divides water immediately, however it additionally requires electrical energy to go from one aspect to the opposite. As the module space will increase, rising resistance impacts the system. The present format is the very best at this stage of growth, which is “secure, secure, and higher than all related options.” An necessary benefit is the scalability of connecting a number of modules.

The different two institutes concerned – the Fraunhofer Institute for Surface Engineering and Thin Films IST and the Fraunhofer Center for Silicon Photovoltaics CSP – are conducting a number of area assessments. They purpose to proceed their cooperation in a follow-up mission and plan to contain corporations.

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