Monday, July 15, 2024

Solar Power Generation Forecasting Using Deep Learning


In a current article printed within the journal Moving ahead, researchers investigated a brand new deep studying (DL) technique for predicting solar energy technology (SPG) at a number of websites. They intention to develop a scalable and correct SPG forecasting mannequin that may be utilized to completely different places utilizing a typical mannequin, addressing the restrictions of conventional site-specific fashions..

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In current years, renewable energy technology, particularly solar energy, has witnessed exceptional progress resulting from its potential to handle environmental issues and its rising financial viability. However, integrating solar energy into the power grid presents distinctive challenges as a result of its variability depends upon components corresponding to daylight and period. Therefore, correct SPG forecasting is important for making certain grid stability and maximizing photo voltaic power utilization effectivity.

Previous work on SPG prediction has primarily centered on the event of site-specific fashions. These fashions require the gathering and use of location-specific enter knowledge, corresponding to coaching knowledge and climate situations, to make predictions for a person web site. This method limits scalability and effectivity when extending forecasting capabilities to a number of websites.

About Research

In this paper, the authors developed a scalable and correct SPG forecasting mannequin that may be utilized to a number of websites utilizing a single mannequin. They launched a novel DL-based mannequin that makes use of widespread meteorological parts, corresponding to humidity, temperature, and cloud cowl, to extract site-specific options and enhance forecasting accuracy.

The proposed mannequin consists of two subsystems: a function encoder and a regressor. The function encoder makes use of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and lengthy short-term reminiscence (LSTM) networks to extract options from 24 hour climate knowledge, together with photo voltaic elevation and azimuth angle. The regressor, a multilayer perceptron (MLP), interprets these encoded options to foretell solar energy output.

To tackle the variability of various websites, the research built-in a classifier module inside the Encoder system. This classifier helps the encoder to completely perceive the forms of climate knowledge, placing the traits of the native web site into the mannequin. This method improves the robustness and adaptableness of the mannequin, enabling dependable predictions for unknown websites by utilizing function similarities to find out native environmental situations.

In addition, the researchers evaluated the efficiency of their proposed system utilizing SPG knowledge from seven websites throughout the Republic of Korea. They in contrast the efficiency of a site-specific mannequin, skilled and examined individually for every web site, with a typical mannequin, skilled on knowledge from a number of websites.

Research Findings

The outcomes present that the site-specific mannequin achieved a imply absolute error (MAE) of three.43. This considerably exceeds the regulatory requirement of an 8% MAE threshold for participation within the renewable power technology forecasting system within the Republic of Korea. However, the common mannequin with out a classifier experiences a lower in prediction accuracy for unknown websites.

The inclusion of the classifier module in the usual mannequin results in a 3-6% enchancment in efficiency. It demonstrates its effectiveness in utilizing site-specific data to enhance prediction accuracy in new and completely different places. The classifier module additionally reduces the imply squared error (MSE) and root imply squared error (RMSE). This helps to cut back the variety of errors and keep a secure prediction efficiency on completely different websites.

In addition, the authors investigated the effectiveness of switch studying (TL) by retraining the usual mannequin with a small subset of site-specific knowledge. The TL situation improves the forecast accuracy in any respect websites, particularly these with uncommon meteorological situations. The inclusion of the TL situation classifier module considerably boosts efficiency. It emphasizes its key position in utilizing site-specific data to enhance the mannequin’s adaptability and generalization capabilities.


The introduced mannequin has vital implications for the renewable power sector, particularly for enhancing the operational effectivity of solar energy programs. By offering correct predictions of SPG at a number of websites, the mannequin may help higher handle and plan the grid, making it simpler to combine photo voltaic power into energy grids. This results in higher stability and effectivity of power programs, supporting the worldwide transition in the direction of sustainable power sources. In addition, the scalability and adaptableness of the mannequin make it invaluable for the enlargement of solar energy infrastructure in numerous geographical areas.


In abstract, the novel DL-based technique is efficient for predicting solar energy at a number of websites. The paper highlights the robustness of the mannequin and its potential to assist the mixing of renewable power into energy grids.

Future work ought to give attention to figuring out the optimum mixture of web sites for configuring a typical mannequin, exploring hybrid fashions that mix widespread and site-specific strengths. fashions, and incorporating seasonal adjustments to enhance accuracy and reliability in numerous climates. These efforts can enhance the effectiveness and scalability of solar energy forecasting fashions, thereby advancing the mixing of renewable power and making certain grid stability.

Disclaimer: The views expressed listed below are these of the writer expressed of their non-public capability and don’t essentially characterize the views of Limited T/A AZoNetwork the proprietor and operator of this web site. This disclaimer varieties a part of the Terms and situations of use of this web site.


  • Jang, SY; Oh, BT; Oh, E. A Deep Learning-Based Solar Power Generation Forecasting Method Applicable to Multiple Sites. Moving ahead 2024, 165240. DOI: 10.3390/su16125240,

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