Tuesday, July 23, 2024

Jordanians wanting to embrace renewable vitality – pv journal International


According to a brand new survey, 91% of respondents help the enlargement of renewable vitality sources in Jordan. However, the strategic pursuits of geopolitical actors, particularly the US, are seen as limiting the nation’s vitality transition.

A family survey performed by the Research Institute for Sustainability in Germany – Helmholtz Center Potsdam (RIFS) discovered that individuals in Jordan strongly need to change to vitality, with 91 p.c of respondents expressing help for increasing renewable vitality sources within the nation.

Jordan has a singular potential for renewable vitality technology and the individuals surveyed expressed the hope that an vitality transition would create jobs, enhance vitality safety and cut back prices, RIFS identified. Support is especially robust in areas that already profit from renewables.

The analysis institute stated, nonetheless, that whereas authorities help for Jordan’s vitality transition was robust till 2019, it has fallen since then.

Jordan is among the most vitality import dependent international locations on this planet, with greater than 93% of whole vitality imported within the type of oil and fuel. “However, the long-term buy agreements for oil and fuel signed by the state vitality firm have prevented additional enlargement of renewables,” RIFS stated.

“Some research additionally point out near-term vitality safety considerations and the pursuits of geopolitical actors, particularly the USA, as vital causes for stopping the vitality transition. Energy dependence in Jordan is broadly seen as a severe political and financial drawback and is contributing to the nation’s rising debt burden.

Silvia Weko, the lead writer of the survey report, highlights the conflicting views of the nation: “Jordan is an attention-grabbing case to review public views and attitudes round migration of vitality, as a result of it has glorious potential for renewable vitality technology however is an intolerant political system. Its vitality switch is remitted from the highest down and is presently languishing. Little analysis has been completed on non-democratic contexts of this type to this point.Our examine is a contribution to understanding the necessities for a profitable vitality transition within the Global South.

Together with co-author Esther Schuch, Weko investigated the traits of vitality transition in Jordan by surveying 320 households in 4 totally different places and interviewing specialists. The chosen places — East Amman, West Amman, Zarqa and Tafilah — have very totally different social and financial situations: West Amman is the middle of presidency energy and residential to higher-income residents. Palestinian and Syrian refugee settlements are situated within the low-income japanese district of Amman. The metropolis of Zarqa (700,000 inhabitants), situated north of Amman, is among the most vital industrial facilities in Jordan. Fossil vitality is a vital a part of the town’s economic system, and an oil refinery is among the main employers. The metropolis of Tafilah (30,000 inhabitants), situated within the south, has giant wind energy initiatives close by.

Energy switch traits are usually optimistic. Only 29 respondents (9%) disagreed or strongly disagreed with the assertion “Jordan ought to use wind vitality as a substitute of fossil fuels.” Knowledge about local weather change is combined, however solely 3% of respondents doubt its existence. About 40% of respondents stated that they or somebody they know has been personally affected by local weather change.

A big majority, 83%, expressed the expectation that the vitality transition would create new jobs in Jordan.

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The survey revealed giant variations between communities. People in Tafilah, the city with a big wind farm close by, are usually extra supportive of the vitality transition and extra involved about local weather change than respondents in Zarqa, which is dominated by the oil trade, and the economically weak East Amman. In distinction, respondents in West Amman, a comparatively rich and educated residential space, expressed robust help for renewable vitality.

“Our family survey exhibits that – opposite to the opinion of Jordanian elites – residents have an opinion about renewable vitality,” stated Schuch. “An attention-grabbing discovering is that respondents prioritize the advantages of vitality transition for the neighborhood over particular person advantages. They count on that vitality transition will create employment alternatives and supply monetary advantages for communities. Local environmental advantages additionally play a job, such because the water financial savings achieved by renewables in comparison with thermal energy crops. Water shortage is a serious drawback in Jordan.

Policy ought to take regional variations into consideration

According to the researchers, the findings of the survey point out that the Jordanian authorities ought to reverse its coverage of limiting the enlargement of renewables. Instead, they need to make it clear that renewable vitality sources can be utilized to handle native and nationwide challenges, comparable to excessive vitality costs.

“It is vital for policymakers to contemplate regional variations and develop methods to scale back destructive impacts comparable to job losses in areas which are dwelling to fossil-fuel industries and are unlikely to learn instantly from -development of wind and photo voltaic parks, prone to be constructed within the desert areas of Jordan,” says the RIFS.

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