Wednesday, July 17, 2024

Chinese researchers construct kesterite photo voltaic cell with licensed effectivity of 14.2% – pv journal Worldwide

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The photo voltaic cell is handled with multi-elemental alloying, which is reported to assist eradicate defects within the kesterite absorber, thereby rising cell effectivity. China’s National PV Industry Measurement and Testing Center confirmed the outcomes.

A gaggle of researchers led by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) produced a kesterite (CZTSSe) photo voltaic cell that achieved a most energy conversion effectivity of 14.6% and a licensed effectivity of 14.2%.

“The efficiency of kesterite photo voltaic cells is often restricted by the cost loss attributable to the defect,” corresponding creator of the analysis, Qingbo Meng, mentioned. pv journal. “We consider that by means of a extra complete understanding of the mechanism of defect formation on this materials system and a simpler management of the defect formation course of, we’ll obtain additional enhancements sooner or later.”

Kesterite is among the most promising gentle absorber materials candidates for potential use in low-cost thin-film photo voltaic cells. Kesterites embrace widespread components equivalent to copper, tin, zinc, and selenium. Unlike CIGS compounds, no provide bottlenecks are anticipated sooner or later. However, kesterite is much less efficient than CIGS in mass manufacturing. The world report for such cells is 12.6%, which was achieved for large-area gadgets by the Japanese skinny movie producer Solar Frontier in 2013.

The Chinese analysis workforce used what it describes as a kinetics-based technique to suppress the formation of deep defects within the CZTSSe absorber. It entails using multi-elemental alloying to eradicate tin (Sn) and zinc (Zn) defects within the remaining CZTSSe materials by including silver (Ag) and cadmium (Cd) by means of the precursor resolution and germanium (Ge ) from the rear interface. “The elemental alloying facilitated the alternate of Zn/Sn and Zn/Cu, which led to a fast formation of the ordered kesterite section,” the scientists mentioned.

They constructed the photo voltaic cell with a substrate manufactured from soda lime glass (SLG) coated with molybdenum (Mo), the CZTSSe absorber, a cadmium sulfide (CdS) buffer layer, a window layer of zinc oxide (ZnO), and indium tin oxide (ITO) layer, and an anti-reflective coating based mostly on magnesium fluoride (MgF2).

Tested beneath customary lighting situations, the system achieves an influence conversion effectivity of 14.6%, an open-circuit voltage of 0.55 V, a short-circuit present of 36.6 mA cm2, and a fill issue at 72.4%. China’s National PV Industry Measurement and Testing Center confirmed that the cell achieved an effectivity of 14.2%.

“The essential distinction between the licensed and our lab outcomes, that’s, the fill issue, is because of the affect of the MgF2 antireflection layer on {the electrical} probe contacting,” defined the lecturers. “These outcomes present that multinary alloying can extra successfully management the response kinetics to suppress deep defects in CZTSSe and thus create extra favorable average response situations to satisfy the necessities of large-scale and low-cost trade. manufacturing.”

The new photo voltaic cell idea was launched within the paper “Multinary alloying for accelerated cation alternate and suppressed defect formation in kesterite photo voltaic cells with greater than 14% licensed effectivity,” which was just lately printed on nature’s power. “These insights and the data-driven evaluation technique introduced right here additionally result in extra methods to establish and regulate defects in photovoltaic supplies,” the analysis workforce concluded.

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