Tuesday, July 23, 2024

Perovskite-cadmium telluride tandem photo voltaic cell primarily based on particular electrode achieves 24.2% effectivity – pv journal Worldwide

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An India-US analysis workforce has developed a four-terminal perovskite-cadmium telluride tandem photo voltaic cell through the use of a extremely conductive and sputtered clear electrode to extend the present density of the underside cell. The tandem system combines an 18.3%-efficient prime perovskite cell and a 19.53%-efficient cadmium telluride backside system.

An worldwide analysis workforce led by the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay has developed a four-terminal (4T) tandem photo voltaic cell primarily based on an higher cell with a perovskite absorber and a decrease system product of cadmium telluride (CdTe).

“Perovskite supplies have confirmed their effectivity and suitability in tandem photo voltaic cells, particularly together with monocrystalline silicon photo voltaic cells, in addition to CIGS and CIS photo voltaic cells,” one of many lead authors of the analysis, Ananta Paul, mentioned. pv journal. “However, the second most commercially profitable CdTe photo voltaic cells after monocrystalline silicon, stay unexplored. Due to the business success of CdTe photo voltaic cells, they current a lovely alternative for exploring tandem functions skinny movie.

The scientists mentioned that, for the design of the above cell, they adopted an inverted structure and used a near-infrared (NIR) clear perovskite absorber with an power bandgap of 1.63 eV, whereas a CdTe materials with an power bandgap of 1.39 eV is used for the underside cell.

The most important element of the lengthy system is a extremely conductive and sputtered clear electrode, which lecturers say is important to the operation of clear perovskite photo voltaic cells.

“A novel personalized in-house designed sputtering system by our workforce with the assistance of Excel Instruments, Mumbai – India, and a novel recipe for thin-film deposition enabled the manufacturing of clear perovskite photo voltaic cells that has a formidable 18.3% effectivity,” the analysis corresponds. writer, Dinesh Kabra, mentioned. “This high-efficiency perovskite cell is coupled with a 19.56% environment friendly CdTe photo voltaic cell offered by our collaborator Amit Munshi from Colorado State University, within the United States.”

The group designed the highest cell with a substrate product of f-doped tin dioxide (FTO), an electron transport layer (ETL) product of tin oxide (SnO2), a perovskite absorber, a gap transport layer (HTL) primarily based on Spiro-OMeTAD, a buffer layer product of molybdenum oxide (MoOx), and a clear contact primarily based on indium zinc oxide (IZO). Through an index-matched interlayer, this cell is then stacked on the underside cell utilizing the FTO substrate, zinc magnesium oxide (ZnMgO) layer, the CdTe absorber, and tellurium (Te) again contact.

For the interlayer between the 2 cells, the researchers used an index-matching liquid with a refractive index (RI) of 1.405, which they declare improves the general present density of the decrease cell.

Tested underneath normal lighting situations, the highest system achieved an influence conversion effectivity of 18.3%, an open-circuit voltage of 1.07 V, a short-circuit present density of 23.75 mA / cm2, and a fill issue of 72.0%. The backside system obtained a 19.56% effectivity, an open circuit voltage of 0.87 V, a short-circuit present density of 27.38 mA/cm2and a fill issue of 82.1%.

The champion tandem photo voltaic cell constructed with two gadgets and an lively floor of 0.175 cm2 achieved an effectivity of 24.2%. A bigger system with an lively space of ​​0.805 cm2 achieved an effectivity of 21.13%. The cell was additionally discovered to retain 80% of its unique effectivity after 3,000 hours in darkish storage situations.

The cell idea was launched within the paper “4-T CdTe/Perovskite Thin Film Tandem Solar Cells with Efficiency>24%,” revealed in ACS Energy Letters. “Despite the viability and confirmed effectivity of CdTe/perovskite thin-film tandem photo voltaic cells stay uncharted territory,” mentioned co-author, Abhijit Singha. “This analysis will pave the way in which for a brand new period of skinny movie tandem photovoltaics, proving that we are able to suppose past monocrystalline Si photo voltaic cells”.

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