Wednesday, July 17, 2024

Inverted perovskite photo voltaic cell primarily based on self-assembled monolayer achieves 24.38% effectivity – pv journal International


Chinese researchers have designed an inverted perovskite photo voltaic cell with a brand new technique aimed toward optimizing the underside area of the cell. The proposed cell is handled with two molecules generally known as 2-mercaptoimidazole and 2-mercaptobenzimidazole and is predicated on a cavity within the transport layer that depends on a self-assembled monolayer.

A gaggle of scientists led by Jiaxing University in China has developed an inverted perovskite photo voltaic cell primarily based on a gap transport layer (HTL) with a self-assembled monolayer (SAM).

Inverted perovskite cells have a tool construction generally known as a “pin”, the place the hole-selective contact p is under the intrinsic perovskite layer i with the electron transport layer n above. Conventional halide perovskite cells have the identical construction however reversed – a “nip” structure. In the nip structure, the photo voltaic cell is illuminated by means of the electron-transport layer (ETL) part; within the pin construction, it’s illuminated by means of the HTL floor.

“HTLs ready with SAM supplies not solely have low parasitic absorption, low materials consumption, and powerful adhesion but in addition exhibit intrinsic fastness of defects beneath perovskites, ” defined the analysis crew.

The researchers used two molecules generally known as 2-mercaptoimidazole (2-MeIM) and 2-Mercaptobenzimidazole (2-MeBIM) as components for HTL. According to them, these molecules work together with the phosphonate teams within the so-called MeO-2PACz, also referred to as [2-(3,6-Dimethoxy-9H-carbazol-9-yl)ethyl]phosphonic acid, which prevents the aggregation of MeO-2PACz by forming a supramolecular construction, which in flip leads to a extra homogeneous HTL.

The lecturers designed the cell with a substrate manufactured from glass and indium tin oxide (ITO), a layer of MeO-2PACz, the perovskite absorber, a phenylethylammonium bromide (PEA-Br) cation, a transport layer of electron primarily based base. phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), a bathocuproine (BCP) buffer layer, and a silver (Ag) metallic contact.

They examined the cell’s efficiency beneath commonplace lighting situations and in contrast it to a reference cell with out components. The champion photo voltaic cell handled with components achieved an influence conversion effectivity of 24.38%, an open circuit voltage of 1.181 V, a short-circuit present density of 24.43 mA cm.-2, and a fill issue of 84.51%. The management machine reached an effectivity of 23.12%, an open-circuit voltage of 1.166 V, a short-circuit present density of 24.09 mA cm-2and a fill issue of 82.32%.

“Benefiting from the higher power alignment of the goal movie, HTL with components exhibits a greater cost provider extraction capability,” the teachers defined. “The improved properties of the additive-introduced HTLs, equivalent to higher homogeneity, enhanced conductivity, and extra aligned power bands, and the higher high quality of the underside of the perovskite movies displaying a bigger grain dimension with a decrease defect, concurrently selling extra environment friendly cost switch and suppressed non-radiative recombination power loss on the interface, resulting in improved efficiency of perovskite photo voltaic cells.

The cells handled with components have been additionally capable of keep greater than 89% of their preliminary effectivity after 450 h, whereas the reference cell reached a price of 74%. This is because of the greater high quality of the perovskite movie within the handled cells, which the crew says reduces their vulnerability to exterior and inner assaults.

Novel cell idea launched in examine “Simultaneous modulation of hole-selective self-assembled monolayer and buried interface for inverted perovskite photo voltaic cells,” printed in Cell Reports Physical Science.

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