Friday, June 14, 2024

Standalone PV-plus-storage system for EV recharging – pv journal International

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Indian scientists have designed an off-grid energy system that depends on photo voltaic panels, lithium-ion batteries and Ćuk converters. Converters are the important elements that allow the system to take care of totally different enter voltages because of altering photo voltaic circumstances.

A workforce of researchers led by the Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology in India has designed a standalone solar-plus-storage system to be used in recharging battery-powered street autos.

“The system relies on a complicated positive-pulse-current (PPC) battery cost management algorithm,” corresponding creator of the analysis, Ashish Ok. Panchal, mentioned. pv journal, including that it depends on hill-climbing PV most energy level monitoring (MPPT) to increase battery life whereas utilizing most PV vitality.

The proposed system makes use of two 40 W photo voltaic panels, two 12 Ah lithium-ion batteries, and two Ćuk converters. These converters are largely utilized in changing a DC voltage on the enter to a DC voltage on the output with reverse polarity.

The group defined that Ćuk converters can guarantee environment friendly energy era from PV panels, particularly when the enter voltage from the modules varies because of adjustments in photo voltaic circumstances. “Since the Ćuk converters have a excessive voltage acquire, they’re glorious for PV techniques that require totally different voltage ranges for various masses or battery charging because of their effectivity,” it added. . “Cuk converters additionally produce a easy output voltage by successfully controlling the output ripple present.”

In the proposed system configuration, the Cuk converters are related to the PV panels with enter ports, whereas the output ports are related to the batteries. The system additionally makes use of a management system to combine MPPT with battery charging.

The PPC cost management method is used to cost the battery utilizing photo voltaic modules. It works in three modes: PV with a converter; PV with twin converters and in-phase operation; and PV with twin converters and out-of-phase operation. “Due to the truth that the 2 converters function alternately when the system operates out of section, the PV energy is used extra successfully,” the scientists defined. “However, when the system operates in in-phase mode, each converters are idle on the identical time, losing PV energy.”

Their evaluation exhibits that the third mode achieves a 100% utilization charge of PV panels, whereas the share worth for the opposite two modes is 50%. It additionally exhibits that out-of-phase PPC operation is the most suitable choice to cost the battery at a sooner charge. Out-of-phase operation is applied when the PV present is equipped to at least one battery absolutely at one time and the opposite battery receives full present from the PV on the subsequent time.

“We have efficiently examined and validated the proposed charger by means of experimental {hardware},” mentioned Panchal.

The teachers described the examine system as “A standalone photovoltaic vitality storage utility with optimistic pulse present battery charging,” revealed in Journal of Energy Storage.

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