Monday, June 24, 2024

Tin halide perovskite photo voltaic cell based mostly on new precursor additive achieves 12.22% effectivity – pv journal Worldwide

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An worldwide analysis crew has developed a brand new sort of perovskite photo voltaic cell by utilizing 4-phenyl thiosemicarbazide (4PTSC) as a precursor additive. The gadget reveals an improved open-circuit voltage and “extraordinary” long-term stability.

A bunch of researchers led by Chungbuk National University in South Korea has designed a tin halide perovskite (Sn-HP) photo voltaic cell that makes use of an additive often known as 4-Phenylthiosemicarbazide (4PTSC) to cut back imperfections within the perovskite layer.

“The use of extensive bandgap tin halide perovskites (Sn-HP) provides an eco-friendly possibility for multi-junction Sn-HP photovoltaics,” mentioned analysis affiliate Padmini Pandey. pv journal. “However, fast crystallization usually leads to poor movie morphology and lots of defect states, which hinder gadget effectivity. Our investigation has launched a novel multifunctional additive to unravel these points.

According to the analysis crew, 4PTSC improves resolution stability and delays perovskite crystallization by way of Lewis acid-base adduct formation, yielding defect movies with preferential crystal development. “We selected a multifunctional molecule that acts as a coordination advanced and a lowering agent, modifies defect formation, and improves stability,” added Pandey.

The 4PTSC additive is reported to suppress the insurgence of defect states by way of chemical interplay with non-coordinated Sn ions. This, in flip, is alleged to cease Sn oxidation and scale back non-radiative recombination, thus additionally enhancing provider lifetime and extraction.

The lecturers designed the cell with an indium tin oxide (ITO) substrate, a gap transport layer manufactured from PEDOT:PSS, the perovskite absorber, an electron acceptor manufactured from phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), a bathocuproine (BCP) buffer layer, and a silver (Ag) steel contact.

Tested underneath customary lighting circumstances, the cell achieved a most energy conversion effectivity of 12.22% and an authorized effectivity of 11.70%.

“The additive considerably will increase the open-circuit voltage to 0.94V and realizes a report excessive effectivity for the champion gadget, low open-circuit voltage loss, and negligible hysteresis over a large bandgap Sn perovskite photo voltaic cell,” Pandey mentioned. “Furthermore, the 4PTSC-1.0 units exhibit distinctive sturdiness of 1,200 hours at ambient with out encapsulation.”

According to the group, the chemical coordination between 4PTSC and SnI2 protects the perovskite floor, and adjusts the uncoordinated Sn2 + and halide ions, stopping the deep formation of the entice state. “The NH2 nucleophilic websites of 4PTSC inhibit SnI2 oxidation and ion migration, whereas its π-conjugated phenyl ring promotes crystal development and stability,” Pandey added. “These multifunctional attributes collectively enhance gadget effectivity by suppressing non-radiative defect formation.”

The scientists introduced their findings within the paper “4-Phenylthiosemicarbazide Molecular Additive Engineering for Wide-Bandgap Sn Halide Perovskite Solar Cells with Record Efficiency Over 12.2%,” revealed in Advanced Energy Materials.

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