- Aquila is a neutral atomic quantum computer capable of running 256 qubits.
- 158 million times faster than the fastest supercomputers.
- AWS is one of the world’s largest cloud services
Amazon Web Services (AWS) will host Aquila, a quantum computer (processor), on a special cloud server called Amazon Braket.
This is the first time in quantum computing that the processor can be accessed directly from the cloud. The company that offers quantum computers is his QuEra, which has been working towards Amazon’s partnership with AWS for some time.
AWS and Amazon Braket
Researchers have been working on quantum computing for some time. This has grown in tandem with the science behind quantum processing units (QPUs).
Quantum computing researchers need a space where they can collaborate, share information, and start new projects. This capability is provided by Amazon Braket Quantum Computing Cloud Service on AWS.
We maintain 200 services from data centers around the world. This service is offered to companies wishing to operate websites, store data, process data, and conduct transactions. AWS can also handle artificial intelligence routines and run Internet of Things systems.
What you need to know about the cloud
The cloud is also called distributed computing. This is because the data is spread across many remote computers called servers. The internet hosts servers and those servers are where data is stored. The cloud can run software, store massive amounts of data, run algorithms, and process all kinds of data. All of this can be done on a computer (computer, phone, tablet, etc.) remote from your local computer.
AWS is one of the world’s largest cloud services. Amazon Braket is specifically designed to give researchers access to quantum datasets. Braket resides in the cloud and hosts other quantum processors as well as its own Aquila quantum processor.
What is Akira?
Aquila is the first accessible neutral atomic quantum processor. Aquila is designed to solve the mathematical problem known as Analog Hamiltonian Simulation (AHS).
Essentially, this is any kind of task, such as rotating a lattice or working on a problem in high-energy physics, which can be expressed as a specific mathematical object known as the Hamiltonian.
Admittedly this is a headache, but quantum computers can process this information almost instantly. Algorithm-like objects are much faster than traditional computers and can run separate tasks simultaneously.
Whereas ordinary computer chips use bits that act like little switches in an on (1) or off (0) position, quantum computer bits have what is called a “superposition”, where the bits are It may be where it is turned on. and off, or anywhere in between, all at the same time.
Qubits can also take advantage of entanglement — when qubits are related to each other and prevent them from acting independently. Entangled quantum particles share states (such as spin and charge), and this relationship continues even if the particles are physically separated.
These bits of computer information are called qubits, and QuEra has developed a processor capable of running 256 qubits.
Qubit grows in the dark and cold
There are various ways to create qubits.
One way to create qubits is to use microwaves, light, and magnets to manipulate the spin of individual electrons in certain materials. They can also be created using the electron energy levels of neutral atoms or ions as qubits. With lasers, these can be “excited” to higher energy levels and assigned a value based on their energy state. Other methods of producing qubits include photons, time, or superconducting materials.
Very few quantum processors have taken advantage of the many methods that exist for developing qubits.
For Aquila, the qubits are laser developed in a vacuum chamber, isolated from external forces, and cooled to near absolute zero (-270 C). Protected from light and heat, qubits sit on computer chips in the dark and cold.
When separated and cooled, the qubits become superconductors, and when scaled up electrons flow freely, behaving like single atoms and subject to quantum mechanics.
Aquila is a 256-bit neutral atomic quantum processor. According to AWS:
“The QuEra QPU works by laser-trapping atoms, arranging them in a programmable one- or two-dimensional layout, and inducing atomic interactions via van der Waals forces. The ground state of the atom and the Rydberg state.”
“By exciting atoms from the ground state to an excited state, QuEra QPUs can achieve a phenomenon known as Rydberg blockade, whereby the quantum states of neighboring qubits are pinned by the state of the control qubit. , customers can dynamically tune the drive: using field parameters to control the states of the qubits and their interactions.”
Aquila QPUs are designed to handle computations for optimization. This simply means that qubits are used to help other devices become more efficient and streamlined.
How fast can a quantum computer run?
A quantum computer will run 158 million times faster than the world’s fastest supercomputer, the Frontier supercomputer.
Frontier is a supercomputer maintained in the United States. Frontier is a Cray model computer housed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It can run 1,200,000 petaflops per second. A petaflop is 100 million (10 to the 15th power) floating point operations per second.
A quantum computer can do in four minutes what would take some supercomputers 10,000 years to do. That’s some fast computing. That’s what happens when you move at the electron or atomic level.
QuEra and Amazon Partnership
Amazon has pledged to host Aquila’s Neutral Atomic Quantum Processor and sees broad future developments in the quantum computing industry. Within the project, Amazon has focused on providing better technology in an increasingly crowded technology arena.
“AWS’ quantum computing strategy is focused on customer choice. With Aquila on Amazon Braket, we are exploring a range of technologies by bringing neutral atomic quantum computing capabilities to AWS for the first time.” We want to give customers even more choice,” said Richard Molds, general manager of Amazon Braket.
“It is important to remember that there is a wide range of quantum computing technologies on the market. From our perspective, Amazon Braket is a great place to explore different approaches.”
QuEra CEO Alex Keating said QuEra is approaching the partnership with high hopes for the powerful use of its technology. Interesting Engineering (IE) regarding the project.
“Launching Aquila on the Amazon Braket cloud is a big step for us. There is,’ he said.
“We already have many industrial use cases in mind and have been privately piloting the technology to develop them. But Aquila is the first neutral atomic quantum Being a computer, almost any company can propose additional use cases, and find their own new ways to use the computing power of this machine for the development of their business. and we are proud to be the first company to make this possible.